News Flash: 4,000-Year-Old Dietary Guidelines Are the Best Yet (Part 2)

What New Testament people ate

Jesus called Himself the Bread of Life (John 6:48). In Matthew 4:4, He says, “Man shall not live by bread alone.” In context, He was being tempted by the devil to turn stones into bread to alleviate His hunger. Bread appears in many New Testament Scriptures. Since the importance of bread for physical sustenance had long been established, He was using bread as an analogy for the vital importance of obedience to God.

The diet of New Testament peoples must not have been much different from that of Old Testament peoples. In addition to fruits, vegetables, and herbs, unlimited seafood was available from the Sea of Galilee; seven of Jesus’ disciples were fishermen. Fish could be eaten boiled, sun-dried, pickled, or salted. More details please visit:-

As in Old Testament times, mammals usually were slaughtered only for special occasions. In the Luke chapter 15 story of the Prodigal Son, the fatted calf was killed and prepared for the feast in celebration of the son’s return. (The emphasis here is that the Prodigal Son’s return was such a big occasion that it warranted the slaughter of a calf.) One reason that large mammals were slaughtered only for special occasions is that, in the absence of refrigeration, leftovers were not an option; therefore, a large group of people was required to consume the animal.

Jesus, like all Jews, followed a ritual for the Passover meal. The lamb would be slaughtered and grilled according to special rules; at least ten people would be required to consume it, and it had to be eaten before midnight. (Again, there was no refrigeration.)

To the present, His people have taken bread and wine together in remembrance of Him.

Dominion over the animals…what exactly does this mean?

If you have read my “Companion Animals” article, you will have already thought about the ambiguity of man’s “dominion over animals.”

The same verse (Genesis 1:26) that gives man dominion over the animals also tells us that God made man in His image. Undoubtedly, we are to conclude that people are to be considered higher than animals. But are we simply to care for them, as if they were babies or elderly humans? Or do we do with them however we please?

It is worth noting that both animals and humans breathe (respire) and plants do not. Respiration has the same root (“spir”) as “spirit.” So, while animals do not have an eternal soul, as humans do, they do have a spirit. That alone elevates them above plants and all other members of creation, except humans.

In giving us dominion over animals, perhaps God meant to warn us not to worship animals, as some pagans had done. Dominion seems to imply a middle ground between worship and wanton use.

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